1. Kali Linux
Kali Linux maintained and funded by Offensive Security Ltd. is one of the well-known and favorite ethical hacking operating systems used by hackers and security professionals. Kali is a Debian-derived Linux distribution designed fReal hackersor digital forensics and penetration testing. It was developed by Mati Aharoni and Devon Kearns of Offensive Security through the rewrite of BackTrack, their previous forensics Linux distribution based on Ubuntu.
Apart from desktop support, Kali Linux also has a dedicated project set-aside for compatibility and porting to specific Android devices, called Kali Linux NetHunter. When comes to security tools, this top ethical hacking operating system is equipped with 600+ preinstalled pen testing tools and they are frequently updated and are offered for different platforms like ARM and VMware. Now Kali Linux is based on a rolling release model.
BackBox is a Ubuntu-based entrance testing Linux dissemination. It gives entrance test and security appraisal situated giving a system and informatic frameworks investigation toolbox alongside a total arrangement of different devices required for moral hacking and security testing.
It incorporates probably the most utilized security and investigation Linux devices to assist security specialists from stretch tests to sniffing including weakness evaluation, PC scientific examination and abuse.
3. Live Hacking OS
Live Hacking OS is a Linux distribution packed with tools and utilities for ethical hacking, penetration testing and countermeasure verification. It includes the graphical user interface GNOME inbuilt. There is a second variation available which has command line only, and it requires very less hardware requirements.
4. Parrot Security OS
Parrot Security OS (or ParrotSec) is a GNU/LINUX circulation in view of Debian. This Linux circulation for programmers is worked keeping in mind the end goal to perform infiltration testing, weakness evaluation and alleviation, PC crime scene investigation and unknown surfing. It has been produced by Frozenbox’s Team.
Parrot is cloud-accommodating Linux circulation and dissimilar to other moral hacking working frameworks, Parrot OS is a lightweight Linux distro — keeps running over machines which have least 265Mb of RAM and it is appropriate for both 32bit (i386) and 64bit (amd64), with an uncommon version it chips away at old 32bit machines (486).
5. DEFT Linux
DEFT stands for Digital Evidence and Forensic Toolkit and it’s an open source distribution of Linux built around the DART (Digital Advanced Response Toolkit) software and based on the Ubuntu operating system. It has been designed from the ground up to offer some of the best open source computer forensics and incident response tools that can be used by individuals, IT auditors, investigators, military, and police.
Top 5 Operating Systems for Ethical Hacking and Pen Testing (2018 List)